Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILD) comprehend a heterogeneous group of diseases that are characterized by presenting different degrees of inflammation and fibrosis in lung tissue, usually irreversible and progressive. The newborn and child forms have different characteristics than those observed in adults, both in their clinical presentation as well as in their prognosis. In some of these entities a genetic origin was identified. Defects in various genes have been related with the development of these diseases, especially the ones related with surfactant metabolism and those related with DNA repair mechanisms.
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