Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) comprise a heterogeneous group of more than 300 distinct hereditary disorders, each of them caused by a different gene defect. Our panel includes those genes that have been associated with a defective adaptive or innate immune response, either by causing a specific or combined B or T cell deficiency, a particular defect of phagocytes or host defences, or a deficiency of the complement system. Clinical manifestations are highly variable; however, most affected individuals share an increased vulnerability and susceptibility to infections affecting various body systems. The estimated prevalence of PID is about 1 in 1,200 births. The complexity and symptom overlap found in PID makes genetic testing essential for the understanding and diagnosis of the disease and a better management of the patient.
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